Urinary incontinence Symptoms, Types & Treatments

Stress Incontinence
Light bladder leakage is associated with Stress Incontinence. Stress Incontinence is a common side effect of anxiety and pressure in our everyday lives, including emotional and physical strain. Any body movement that applies pressure on the bladder such as sneezing, coughing, laughing, or exercise can cause involuntary dribbles of urine.

Common Causes:
  • Strenuous physical activities
  • Pelvic surgery and trauma
  • Enlarged prostate
  • Pregnancy and childbirth
  • Loss of muscle tone
  • Shift in hormonal balance with women

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Urge Incontinence
Urge incontinence is associated with an Overactive Bladder (OAB). Spontaneous bladder spasms and contractions result in the frequent and sudden need to urinate. Frequent, strong and sudden urges happen with not enough time to make it to the bathroom.

Common Causes:
  • Shift in hormonal balance with women
  • Urinary tract infection and cancer
  • Bladder stimulants & irritants such as alcohol, caffeine and carbonated drinks
  • Medications such as sedatives, cold medicines and high blood pressure medicines
  • Nerve dysfunction associated with trauma, diabetes, multiple sclerosis, spinal cord injury Alzheimer’s, Parkinsonism, etc.

Incontinence associated with chronic retention
Incontinence associated with chronic retention is when the bladder is unable to empty properly and frequent leakage of small amounts of urine occurs as a result.

Common Causes:
  • Feeling that you need to strain to pass urine
  • A weak or slow urine stream
  • Feeling as if your bladder is not empty just after going to the toilet
  • Little or no warning when you need to pass urine
  • Passing urine while asleep
  • Frequent urinary tract infections or cystitis
  • 'Dribbling' more urine after visiting the toilet

Functional Incontinence
Functional incontinence is when a person does not recognise the need to go to the toilet or does not recognise where the toilet is. This results in not getting to the toilet in time or passing urine in inappropriate places.

Common Causes:
  • Functional disability and psychological impairment
  • Physical and mental disabilities, such as immobility or cognitive impairments
  • Environmental barriers, such as stairs, clothing, or wheelchair accessibility

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Adult Diapers

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